NOT-HD-20-021 Notice of Special Interest (NOSI): Emerging Viral Infections and Their Impact on the Male and Female Reproductive Tract

The purpose of this Notice is to invite applications proposing cutting-edge research on emerging viral infections that are thought to primarily impact non-reproductive sites, at least at initial presentation, but may also affect the male and/or female reproductive tract. The recent global outbreak of the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, is not an anomaly and will most likely not be the last virus occurrence. Today, infectious diseases are emerging and reemerging more quickly than ever before. In the last four-five years alone, two viral infections, one caused by the Zika virus (ZIKV) and the other caused by a SARS-CoV-2 (Covid19), have spread world-wide, resulting in death, severe disease with yet, unknown, long-term morbidities., or severe birth defects to the new-born. Both ZIKV and SARS-CoV-2 infections may affect male and/or female reproductive systems in addition to other non-reproductive sites. Therefore, it becomes essential to investigate possible effects of emerging viruses on reproductive tissues and cells to better understand potential impacts on fertility that may be sex specific.